Speeding up the vaccine rollout in Sydney and New South Wales helps with the Delta outbreak, but lockdowns may matter more in the short term
Dr Laxman Bablani, Dr Tim Wilson, Hassan Andrabi, Dr Vijaya Sundararajan, Dr Driss Ait Oukarim, Dr Patrick Abraham, Dr Jason Thompson, Professor Tony Blakely


Despite the strong restrictions in New South Wales, particularly in those Local Government Authorities (LGAs) of concern, COVID-19 case numbers are still growing exponentially at five per cent a day. To help with planning and expectation setting, we modelled 12 scenarios for combinations of:


Even with the current lockdown and appeals for vaccination, our modelling suggests that should NSW still be aiming for elimination it is unlikely to occur until late 2021, in the most plausible combination of scenarios.

However, one possibility is that the state will get to high vaccine coverage and aim to contain COVID without further lockdowns when vaccine thresholds are met (i.e. a version of ‘living with the virus’). The National Plan sets vaccination targets at 70 per cent and 80 per cent of adults vaccinated. These are sensible targets to have in mind for some lessening of restrictions, however, children will also need to be vaccinated, and targets in excess of 90 per cent will be ‘best’. Accelerating the vaccine rollout is important for the medium-term in NSW (and the rest of Australia), as it will make the population more resilient to outbreaks later in 2021 and into 2022 when we open the borders.

Right now, it’s the strength of lockdown that has the greatest potential impact for reducing COVID-19 hospitalisations and deaths.

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First published: Aug 21, 2021
Population Interventions Unit
The Population Interventions Unit is a research group at the University of Melbourne that investigates health and cost impacts of population interventions.